Municipal Solid Waste Management
National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur has been engaged in the research and development of better and scientific solid waste management practices, for more than four decades. The primary focus of the solid waste management has been shifting over the years from quantification and characterization of solid waste in early years to reuse, recycle, and energy recovery from solid waste in recent years. This division has been contributing significantly to Municipal Solid Waste Management research always keeping in view the contemporary focus of the research. Accordingly this division has aligned its research towards the scientific and technical needs for the Swachha Bharat Abhiyan. The division has expertise and research capabilities in following domains of the MSW management.
- Comprehensive MSW management incorporating, detailed characterization, pre-treatment, bio-methanation, thermal treatment, residue management, product purification and utilization
- Efficient Composting techniques for MSW and agricultural residues with value addition to the product
- Innovative bio-reactor designs for pre-treatment and bio-methanation of MSW, food waste and vegetable waste ( Plug flow reactor systems)
- City specific MSW management planning
- Climate Change related issues such as methane emissions from dumpsites
- Occupational health issues pertaining to MSw management and processing
- Assessment of MSW processing facilities and its impact on the environment
- Buffer zone requirements and scientific determination of the extent
- Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the proposed MSW processing plants
Hazardous Waste Management:
This division has done pioneering work in the area of Hazardous Waste Management and the focus of the research has always been addressing the contemporary issues, regulations, and industrial requirements for the sustainable development. The research efforts of the division have been catalyzing sustainable development of industries throughout these years. The different aspects of hazardous waste management covered and the expertise developed are as follows.
- Hazardous waste characterization as per the prevailing regulations
- Process base waste minimization approach
- Waste reduction by advanced chemical treatment processes
- Reuse, recycle, and Processing
- Scientific disposal, Secure Landfill design, and monitoring
- Vetting of the designs, modifications, assessment of impacts, safety and performance assessment for Common Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal facilities (TSDF)
- Development of protocols for the remediation of contaminated sites
- The division has successfully completed nationally and internationally important projects for many Industrial organizations, multinational companies, regulatory agencies, and government sector.
The division is actively involved in addressing the policy issues, regulatory frameworks, and societal needs through its research endevours and participation in various State level and National Advisory committees.
New research initiatives have been taken for E-waste management, Hydrogen production from solid residues, bioreactor landfills, and demonstration of MSW management, specifically biomethanation and composting, facilities for rural areas.
In addition division supports academic and frontier research in the waste management through the doctoral and post graduate research work in collaboration with National and International Universities. Division has international research collaborations with research organizations from different countries such as UK, Italy, Switzerland, South Korea etc.